Warsaw Convention
Oct 1st, 2021 by thesuper

DUTCH CASE LAW ON LIABILITY CARRIERS Dutch case law on claims passengers are few. This article will show instances of case law, the Netherlands – the Netherlands, both in Warsaw and Montreal Conventions on. The focus of this article is given to cases in which there have been a passenger bodily injury, death or its loss, damage, delay or destroy the cargo and passenger luggage. PERSONAL INJURY, Article 17 Warsaw Convention (1) The carrier is liable for damages suffered by a passenger in the event of death or personal injury only, provided that the accident which caused death or injury took place on board the aircraft or during other operations, or landing, or landing. In the case of "IPMA against airlines" Martinair "(August 28, 2003), IPMA passenger was injured when another passenger, trying to put your hand luggage on the baggage rack, dropped his suitcase on his head, neck and shoulders Ipmy. IPMA got off the plane and sued the airline "Martinair" for the damages bruises. The Court finds that the only connection between this occurrence and movement of "Martinair" is that this incident took place on board the aircraft, "Martinair". Taking into account the value, purpose and origin of Article 17 of the Warsaw Convention and Resolution EC 2027/97, the causal relationship should exist between the accident and operation of aircraft in order to prove an "accident" as is listed in Article 17.

The Court concluded that the airline "Martinair" shall not be liable for damages. Another passenger (X against the company, "Martinair", May 9, 1996) filed a lawsuit for compensation for injury to the back, neck, spine, which, he claims he received during a flight in turbulence on board aircraft "Martinair". The court decided that, if the passenger as a result of turbulence suffered such a strong movement of body parts, as a result of whiplash injury, it can be regarded as an accident in accordance with Article 17 of the Warsaw Convention.

The Founding
Aug 7th, 2021 by thesuper

Therefore, creating a small business in the most promising direction and releasing there is legally resources, you will still be able to use a sub-paragraph 8 of Article 6, "Benefits tax "" On taxes from enterprises, associations and organizations. " Recall that we are in it is that the profits directed by small businesses for construction, renovation and replacement of fixed assets, development of new engineering and technology, training and skills development is exempt from taxation. From this it follows that all growing in the promising direction of profit you will be able to direct the development of this particular site. And after a while to return to the bosom of his main company, already doing the task for its modernization. You can save data for unit status of a small business, registering in the founding document amount of permanent deductions in the fund a small business founder – the relevant association, company or organization. It should be borne in mind that in paragraph 8 (items b and c) refers to tax concessions for small companies producing, processing of agricultural products, consumer goods and other activities that are fully exempt from income tax in the first two years of work. Adam Sandler has firm opinions on the matter. Small enterprises engaged in other activities, pay income tax at a rate of 25 percent – in the first year and 50 per cent – in the second year of their assigned tax rates.

This implies (Probably, the legislator simply "not doglyadel"), an enterprise of any type of activity and at all income levels can "eat away" at the development of all profits, according to the memorandum highlighting the necessary funds for the development of the parent company and not in the budget. This right can take advantage of any co-op, releasing a new business as an independent small business. Since it appears from the same Decree 790, cooperatives and small enterprises, cooperatives formed, make mandatory payments to the procedure established for the cooperatives. From this, many conclude that the co-op, creating a small business at its base or separating it into an independent, no gain does not receive. However, it is not. This provision of paragraph 12 of Resolution 90 directly corresponds to paragraph 7 of Article 6 of the Law "On taxes from enterprises, associations and organizations." Paragraph 7 states that the cooperatives do not receive benefits as provided in subparagraph b of paragraph 7, but in sub-paragraph b of that paragraph are the same benefits as in subparagraphs b and c of paragraph 8. Thus, small businesses created by based cooperatives, receive benefits under sub-paragraph and paragraph 8.

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