February 16th, 2010 by thesuper

See also: Western painting, Fauvism and Cubism Paul C zanne had begun as an Impressionist but what he wanted, a logical construction of reality based on a view from a single point of view, with modulated color fields flat, became the basis of a new visual art, to be later developed into Cubism George Braque and Pablo Picasso. Expressionist painters explored the use of the pictorial surface coarse, drawing and color distortions and exaggerations intense. The Expressionists produced emotionally charged paintings that were reactions and perceptions of contemporary experience and reactions to Impressionism and other more conservative direction of the late nineteenth-century painting. Although artists like James Ensor and Edvard Munch were influenced mainly by the work of the Post-Impressionists were instrumental in the advent of abstraction in the twentieth century.The post-impressionism as practiced by Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, Vincent van Gogh and Paul C zanne had an enormous impact on art of the twentieth century and led to the advent of the twentieth century abstraction. The heritage of painters like Van Gogh, Cezanne, Gauguin and Seurat was essential for the development of modern art. In the early twentieth century, Henri Matisse and other young artists precubistas including Georges Braque, Andr Derain, Raoul Dufy and Maurice de Vlaminck revolutionized the Paris art world with paintings of landscapes and figures “savages” of colorful and expressive, critics called Fauvism. The crude language of color as developed directly influenced the Fauves another pioneer of abstraction Kandinsky. Although Cubism at the end depends on the subject was represented with the Fauvism art movement that directly opened the door to abstraction in the twentieth century.Pablo Picasso made his first Cubist works based on C zanne’s idea that all depiction of nature can be reduced to three solids: cube, sphere and cone. With painting Les Demoiselles d’Avignon 1907, Picasso created a dramatically new and radical picture depicting a brothel primitive and raw with five prostitutes, violently painted women, reminiscent of African masks and their new trbales cubist creations. Analytical Cubism was jointly developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque from about 1908 to 1912. Analytical Cubism, the first clear manifestation of cubism, was followed by Synthetic Cubism practiced by Braque, Picasso, Fernand L ger, Juan Gris, Albert Gleizes, Marcel Duchamp and countless other artists into the twenties. Synthetic Cubism is characterized by the introduction of different textures, surfaces, collage elements, papier coll and a variety of different objects together.Com collage artists Kurt Schwitters and Man Ray and others influenced by Cubism were instrumental in the development of a movement called Dada. Since the beginning of the century cultural connections between artists from the major European and American cities had become extremely active as they worked to create an art form that matched the high aspirations of modernism. The ideas were able to influence each other through artists’ books, exhibitions and manifestos so that many sources were open to experimentation and formed the basis of diversity of modes of abstraction.The following extract from The World Backwards, gives some impression of the interconnectedness of contemporary culture: “The knowledge of David Burliuk of modern art movements had to be extremely current, therefore the second Knave of Diamonds exhibition, held in January in 1912 (in Moscow) includes not only paintings sent from Munich, but some members of the German group Die Br cke, while Paris came works by Robert Delaunay, Henri Matisse and Fernand L ger, and Picasso. During the spring David Burliuk gave two lectures on Cubism and planned a controversial publication, the Knave of Diamonds was financing. Went abroad in May and returned determined to rival the Der Blaue Reiter almanac that had emerged from the printers while he was in Germany.

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